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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 34-38

The evaluation of last seven years maternal mortality in Manisa, Turkey

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Celal Bayar University, School of Medicine, Manisa, Turkey
2 Manisa Directorate of Public Health, Manisa, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Fatma Eskicioglu
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Faculty of Celal Bayar University, Manisa - 450 00
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2148-7731.138311

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Objective: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the last 7-year rates of maternal mortality and the causes of maternal mortality in Manisa including Aegean region in the western part of the country. Study design: Maternal mortalities in Manisa determined by Maternal Mortality Commission were examined between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2012. The classification of maternal mortality was performed as directly, indirectly, and incidentally. The annual rates and numbers of maternal deaths, causes of death, and demographic data were obtained from the records. Maternal mortality ratio is calculated as the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. Results: A total of 32 maternal deaths cases were reviewed between 2006 and 2012. A total of seven incidental maternal deaths of 32 were not evaluated. A total of five direct maternal deaths and 20 indirect maternal deaths were recorded. Maternal mortality rate (per 100.000 per live births) was 28.86 in 2006. This ratio decreased to 10.7 in 2012. Considering the leading causes of maternal death, the diseases of the circulatory system complicating the pregnancy and puerperium (28%) rank first. When direct maternal deaths are only evaluated, the most common cause was hemorrhage, which was followed by the disseminated intravascular coagulation. In all, six over eight (42%) maternal mortality in which delay model was detected were recorded as matched with third. Conclusion: In conclusion, an incentive to demand primary pregnancy advisory service is necessary for minimizing indirect maternal deaths and the need of medical staff must be fulfilled. Postpartum monitoring will be performed during the postnatal period especially in the first 24 h. Sensitivity must be showed for the training of medical staff that will perform emergency obstetric care when required.

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